Throughout this paper an explanation of terms used to describe mental states will be presented. Some of the mental states are real/physical, and some are only in the minds of the individual. To understand the disorders an explanation will be provided. For example, to understand what is an anxiety disorder an understanding of anxieties two core concepts must be understood. Mood/affective somatoform and dissociative orders will also be discussed in this paper. These disorders are present in many of the people encountered daily. Many people have their own idea of what is depression, or anxiety.
This paper will rely on the DSM IV-TR to explain the disorders mentioned. Anxiety Anxiety is a common feeling experienced by everyone. It can be fun, and exciting and depending on the level it can be scary and unwelcomed. It is welcomed on the first day of school. No matter how much a child says they dislike school, most children are anxious to go back to school at the end of the summer. The night before school is probably comparable to the Christmas Eve in the mind of a child, the children are so excited they have difficulty sleeping the night before.
This type of anxiety is normal and understood by most. Only when ones level of anxiety rises to a level that is considered abnormal or inappropriate is it considered an anxiety disorder. According to “Psych online” (2011), “inappropriate anxiety is when a person’s heart races, breathing increases, and muscles tense without any reasons for them to do so” (Psychiatric Disorders). If a physician is unable to find a physical reason for the symptoms just listed an anxiety disorder may be the cause the patient is behaving abnormally. DSM code 308. 3, Acute Stress Disorder is an example of an anxiety disorder.
When defining anxiety, the “two core concepts are critical: the context in which the anxiety occurs, and the severity of the anxiety along the continuum” (Hansell & Damour, 2008, p. 116). Mood/Affective In 1935 Jimmy McHugh wrote the song “I’m In The Mood For Love,” love is not a mood mentioned in abnormal psychology discussions. Moods change often and are not mere emotions. The loss of a job, home, or long term relationship should cause a change in a person’s mood; psychological mood disorders seem to occur without provocation. An expected change in a person’s mood can become a problem when the change lasts for an extended time.
Everyone grieves differently but it is cause for concern when a grieving widow is unable to function normally years after the death of a loved one. While looking through a current index of psychiatric disorders the list is dominated by mood disorders. On the surface it appears that mood disorders are one of the largest categories of psychiatric disorders. Mood disorders range from 293. 83, “Mood Disorder due to Medical Condition” to 296. 66 “Bipolar I Disorder, Most Recent Episode Mixed, In Full Remission,” the DSM lists over 50 mood disorders.
A mood disorder involves extreme feelings or a long time, this change in mood can be seen in a person who continuously cries without relief, often feels depressed and suicidal. The same individual may feel so full of energy that they don’t feel they need to sleep for days. Dissociative Dissociative disorders are the result of a interruption in memory, perception, consciousness or identify, most often a result of extreme stress. The DSM lists five types of dissociative disorder. Of the five types of dissociative disorder four are easily treated with a very good prognosis.
Dissociative identity disorder (DID) is the disorder which is the most difficult to treat and diagnose, it requires years of treatment and the patient may often experience many setbacks as they continue to get better, the DSM code for DID is 300. 14. Somatoform Somatoform disorders exist when they patient is displaying a condition which cannot be explained medically. This type of patient may experience a terrible foot pain, but a physician is unable to determine anything within the patient that is causing the pain According to “Psych online” (2011), they may constantly experience minor aches and pains without any reason for their pains to exist” (Psychiatric Disorders). One of the somatoform disorders listed in the DSM IV is Body dysmorphic disorder, code 300. 7 A behavioral psychologist would be very useful for this list of mental disorders. All the disorders display an abnormal behavior if the observer knows what to look for. The somatoform does not show any symptoms, but pain can be assessed. If the patient is truly in pain they should favor the area they have complained about. Conclusion The DSM thoroughly lists all the mental disorders accepted in the US.
Many of the disorders are considered simple in comparison to the complex category of mood disorders. The DSM IV classifies the disorders by category and also by the designated code. The mental disorders by themselves are not reason enough for concern. When the disorders become severe and continue for long periods of time treatment should be considered.
Hansell, J. , & Damour, L. (2008). Abnormal Psychology (2nd ed. ). Retrieved from The University of Phoenix eBook Collection database Psych Online. (2011). Retrieved from http://allpsych. com/disorders/anxiety/index. html