1/1 why it is important to recognise and respect an individual’s heritage. It is important because it is someone’s past life history. Each individual is different and special their heritage contains their life experiences and culture and makes them who they are. It helps us to give a person centred approach because of the way of life as they know it and it has been this way for a long time, they are happy and comfortable with it so why try and change it. 1/2 compare the experience of dementia for an individual who has acquired it as an older person with the experience of an individual who has acquired it as a younger person.
They both may be frustrated as they carnt do the things they found easy to do. They may not be very different, the older person will have more experience than the younger one, but it will still affect them. Feeling they have to rely on others and in security may be hard to accept, they may already have help due to other medical problems, so will be used to having help. 1/3 describe how the experience of dementia may be different for individuals, A) Who have learning disability People with learning disabilities have a higher risk of developing dementia compared to normal people.
People with Down syndrome have an increased risk of getting dementia at a much earlier age. People with down syndrome should be assed at about the age of 30 to compare changes in functioning, people with mild learning disabilities with dementia is likely to be similar to that which is watched in the general population. b) Who are from different ethnic backgrounds. Just because people have a different ethnic background and culture does not mean the dementia is because of this, you should not make a judgement because of this.
They may feel isolated and not cared for as much, it must be the same for any individual. c) Who are at the end of life. Require a lot more outside help, a lot more care is needed, it is hard for them and their family. The last stages of dementia get a lot of problems, the memory loss increases, they carnt do daily tasks anymore, their bodily functions stop working properly. 1/4 Experience of an individual’s dementia may impact on carers. Carers may be a family member and be close to the individual, the carer may become close even if not related, because of the length of time spent with them.
It can put a lot of emotional stress on the family and carers going in and may not get the help and support they need as relatives may want to take control of their relative’s life. Outcome 2 understand the importance of diversity, equality and inclusion in dementia care and support. 2/1 Describe how current legislations, government policy and agreed ways of working support inclusive practice for dementia care and support. Legislation and policies set standards for all carers to support and work in working partnership, they support inclusive practice.
Individuals are seen as competent members of society, they have legislations and procedures for advocacy, for those who are unable to make decisions for themselves. 2/2-2/3 ways in which an individual with dementia may be subject to discrimination and oppression. Individuals with dementia may not be able to do things that they used, like daily activities, people who don’t understand dementia, they don’t know what it is, and this can lead to discrimination. The individual can get depressed, as they carnt do what they used to do, they may not be able to get out any more, they feel isolated, low self-esteem. /4 How diversity, equality and inclusion are addressed in dementia care and support. By using a person centred approach to care, treating each person as an individual, no matter what their differences, culture, race or religion is. You must treat everyone as an individual; no two people are the same. 4/3 How to challenge discrimination and oppressive practice of others when working with an individual with dementia. Challenge the person doing it, explain to them why it is wrong, send them on a training course, teach them, but you must also reassure the individual who has been discriminated against, sit down and talk to them.